The Landing Problem Defined
Runway excursions are defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO as “An event in which an aircraft veers off or overruns the runway surface during either takeoff or landing”. Runway excursions are the most common type of business aviation accidents. They account for about one third of all accidents worldwide and the statistics are that at least two runway excursions each week. ICAO reports that the rate of runway excursions has not decreased in over 20 years. A Eurocontrol study shows that the causal and contributory factors leading to a runway excursion are the same in Europe and worldwide. Even the Russian have the same issues with being able to stay on the runway.
I have comnpiled a discussion of the FAA, ICAO and EASA differences on the subject of Contaminaiated Runwway Operations titled: The Landing Problem Defined". I like to personally than Mr. Rich Boll for his help in referencing this paper and the review edits he suggested.
- 1. FICON, SNOWTAM, ATIS and Tower information set a picture of what you can expect
- 2. Perform a landing distance calculation using the real-time airplane and actual runway data, Include this in your approach briefing.
- 3. Understand the difference in Factored and Un-Factored landing numbers
- 4. Add deceleration device callout, (Spoilers/Thrust Reverser/Autobrakes)
- 5. Fly a stabilized approach or Go-Around