NAT Data Link Mandate, JAN 2020

NAT Datalink Mandate Final Phase 
Begins 30JAN20


Since December 2017 aircraft operating between FL350 and FL390, throughout the ICAO North Atlantic region 
were required to be equipped with operable FANS 1/A (CPDLC and ADS−C) avionics. To U.S. operators 
this means that must have been issued operational authorization via LOA/OpsSpec A056 to use this airspace.
 
This requirement was known as the “NAT Datalink Mandate, Phase 2B”. At the end of this month, 
on January 30, 2020, the requirement for operable FANS 1/A equipment will expand to FL290 upwards
thru FL410 inclusive across the entire NAT region. This requirement is labeled ”NAT Datalink Mandate, 
Phase 2C” and is the final portion of this implementation. 
 
Airspace Not Included
The green shaded areas below indicate areas exempted from the NAT DLM.
  • Airspace north of 80° North
  • New York Oceanic WEST FIR, (Common Name “WATRS”)
  • Airspace where an ATS surveillance service is provided by means of:
    • SSR Radar
    • Multi-lateration
    • ADS-B, (IF: aircraft is equipped with ADS-B OUT)
    • VHF voice communications as depicted in State AIP

Flights Allowed
The following flights will be permitted to flight plan to enter the NAT DLM airspace:

  • Flights equipped with and prepared to operate FANS 1/A data link systems
  • Non-equipped flights that file STS/FFR, HOSP, HUM, MEDEVAC SAR, or STATE in Item#18
  • of the flight plan
  •  
"Tactical" Exemptions
Any aircraft not equipped with FANS 1/A are able to request to climb or descend through 
the NAT DLM airspace. Such requests, are permitted on the basis of the "Tactical" individual ATC 
separation at the time of request. 
 
FANS 1/A Failure Expectations
  • PRIOR to departure, the flight should re-submit a flight plan so as to remain clear of the NAT 
    regional DLM airspace.
  • AFTER DEPARTURE but Prior to Entry, ATC will be considered on the basis of the individual ATC 
    separation at the time of request.
  • OPERATING WITHIN NAT DLM AIRSPACE, ATC must be immediately advised. Such flights may 
    be re-cleared so as to avoid the airspace. ATC will consider leaving the aircraft inside NAT DLM on 
    the basis of the individual ATC separation at the time of request. 
  •  
  • What Has Not Changed
  • NAT Common DLM AIC, NAT OPS Bulletin 2017−1 (Rev. 4) 9JUL19
     Lots of operating background on how to use FANS 1/A in the NAT HLA Implementation of PBCS OTS 
    
    NAT OPS Bulletin 2018_004 28MAR19 
    PBCS Track procedures and requirements are unchanged by the NAT DLM
  •  
  • Data Link Performance Improvement Options,NAT OPS Bulletin 2019_003, 9JUL19 
    Specific avionics and procedures recommended for FANS 1/A in the NAT HLA
  •  
  • In-Flight Contingencies in Oceanic Airspace NAT OPS Bulletin 2018_005 Rev 01, 13FEB19
     General Oceanic and Weather Avoidance contingencies changes in NAT HLA and New York Oceanic West “WATRS” FIR 
 
BottomLine
  1. 1. IF: you are A056 approved and your CPDLC and ADS-C is operating normally, you are golden for NAT HLA operations.

  2. 2. IF: you are not approved or have inoperable CPDLC or ADS-C, you are left with options above FL410, below FL290 or operating on the “Blue Spruce” Routes.

  3. 3. “Blue Spruce” Routes will require at least one RNP(RNAV)-10 electronic navigation unit, a VHF radio, a HF radio and operable ADS-B OUT.