NATHLA places an accuracy and redundancy into the navigation specification. Above or below NATHLA, redundancy is the only requirement. The MNPS to PBN NAT transition plan became effective from January 2015. From that date forward, all new North Atlantic MNPS Operational Approvals will be based upon RNAV 10 (RNP 10) or RNP 4 navigation specifications. 14CFR 91.511, NAT Document #007, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.3
International Regs Top 10 FAQ’s
What are the navigation system accuracy requirements when operating above or below NAT HLA airspace in the North Atlantic Region?
Where can I find a list of USA sanctioned countries?
This applies to U.S.-registered aircraft . As you might expect, countries such as Burma, Cuba, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Sudan and Syria, are sanctioned countries. Regulations differ and change for all of these countries via federal register and NOTAM service. Special Federal Aviation Regulation 77
Where is the requirement to have two sets of corrective lens when operating internationally?
Only for Near Vision correction. An individual country’s Aeronautical Information Publication, AIP may differ from this requirement.
ICAO Annex 1, Paragraph, 184.108.40.206.1
Where can I find a copy of the ICAO Annex's?
Where do I Find The FAA's Definition of “Special Use Airspace”?
FAA aviation safety inspector’s (ASI) Handbook, FAA Order 8900.1, VOL.4, Chapter 1.
- Examples of special areas of operation include the following:
- Areas of Magnetic Unreliability (AMU) and Polar operations
- North Atlantic Minimum Navigation Performance Specification Airspace
- Central East Pacific (CEPAC) airspace
- North Pacific (NOPAC) airspace
- Pacific Organized Track System (PACOTS)
- West Atlantic Route System (WATRS) and the Caribbean Sea
- Gulf of Mexico control areas (Gulf routes)
- Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM)
- Required Navigation Performance (RNP)-10,4 ect.
- Examples of special Navigation Equipment include the following:
- Area Navigation (RNAV)
- Inertial navigation or reference systems INS, IRS or GPS
What is the bottomline, Does the ICAO make the rules and procedures internationally?
ICAO does not require any regulation. It sets standards and recommends practices that each signatory State (read country) has the option to accept and enforce or not, in their own regulatory environment. One of the Articles of the Convention guarantees this right. As such, ICAO has no authority over rulemaking in the US, for US Operators. 14CFR 91.703 does direct US operators to follow specific ICAO procedures while over the "High Seas"
Is it legal for me to use my FAA temporary pilot certificate internationally?
Usually a temporary is not accepted, it will depend on the individual country's AIP.
What are the requirements for carrying and using an oceanic plotting chart?
There is no specific regulatory requirement for plotting charts. Generally speaking, The requirement is to be able to reliably fix your position and cross-check navigation information at least once an hour. There is a reference inside the FAA Inspector’s manual that plotting procedures are required when turbojets operate in excess of 725NM (450NM Turboprop) between the service volume of ICAO ground-based NAVAIDs. Some operators have been approved for no plotting requirements based upon nav system installation and crew monitoring procedures. Check your specific operations approval documents for details on the specific your operation. AC 91-70B Paragraph 220.127.116.11, FAA Order 8900.1 Volume 4, Chapter 1, Section 4, Paragraph 4-80. NAT Doc #007, Paragraph 8.2.10 thru 8.2.13
I have a conviction in the USA of Driving While Intoxicated, DWI. Is this a problem in international operations?
Canadian immigration policy prohibits entry of any person (not just flight crews) who have a 10-year old or less misdemeanor conviction, or any class DUI conviction. The decision to grant or deny the petition for waiver is totally discretionary with the Canadian immigration officials. Review the Canadian immigration web site at: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/visit/index.asp. If you have any questions about how they enforce this policy, call their Call Centre at 888.242.2100.
What are the training requirements for international procedures?
Specific international operations’ training is not required by the FAA regulations or by Annex 2 to the ICAO. FAA Inspector’s have wide latitude in determining crew qualifications for “Special Use Airspace” and “Special Navigation Equipment”. In the FAA Inspector's Handbook, Order 8900.1 Volume 4 Chapter 12 it states: "Experience has clearly demonstrated that the presence of sophisticated navigational equipment on board an aircraft does not, by itself, ensure that a high level of performance will be achieved. It is essential that operators provide adequate training for the personnel operating or maintaining the equipment, and that operating drills and procedures are included in crew training." At a minimum, private operators are expected to “Be Familiar” with the Oceanic/Remote operation intended. Commercial operators usually need to satisfy a crew training requirement by completing an operator’s FAA approved oceanic operations training program or by completing a commercial provider’s oceanic operations training. Military training records indicating prior oceanic operations experience may be use as proof of training also.