Validation Flight Top 10 FAQ’s

While flying in a particular airspace, how do you know if an ADS-C contract has been established? 

Specific FMC’s will vary. Consult your AFM or Ops Manual for specifics. As a generic procedure... look for the “ATC LogOn” page. On there find the “ADS” line select key. Find the “Active” prompt there. This is the indication of at least one active ADS contract.  The parameters of the contract can be found on “Page 2” of the “ATC LogOn” page. Global Operational Datalink document, GOLD Chapters 2, 4, 5”    

Is there a requirement for a crewmember to hold a valid radiotelephone license during international operations?

Yes. FCC Form 605Pilots Restricted Station License: http://wireless.fcc.gov/commoperators/rp.html

Are Q-Routes Q100, Q101 and Q105 considered Class I or Class II Navigation areas?  

They are in fact, outside standard NAVAID reception for large portions of their routing. These specific routes are termed Class I Navigation areas because of required RNAV and SSR Radar monitoring. FAA NOTAM Domestic and International, Part 3 “Gulf of Mexico RNAV routes Q100, Q102, AND Q105”

Is there a maximum age limit for pilots flying internationally?

There is no "Age 60" problem with Part 91/GA operations. The requirement comes in with Commercial operations, (Part 135 or 121). ICAO recommends one pilot at the controls to be below 60 if the PIC is over 60.  The issue is further confused by the fact that the FAA has applied this to Part 121 carriers only. ICAO countries apply this rule to any commercial operation (Part 135 included). An individual state (country) has the right to set their own rules apart from the ICAO or FAA. The AIP for the country in question would have this information.

Is there an FAA regulation that directs 121.5 be monitored in international airspace? Is there an ICAO “Regulation” that directs 121.5 be monitored in international airspace?

So far as the FAA is concerned, No. There is some pretty strong “Guidance” on the subject to say “Yes”. Take a look in AC 91-70a Chapter 6, Paragraph 6-2

So far as the ICAO is concerned, Yes. Annex 10, Volume 2, Chapter 5, Paragraph

Is the FAA first class medical valid for 12 months, if under the age of 40 in international operations?

Yes, this is correct if you are operating with a Commercial Pilot certificate. If your certificate is an Airline Transport Pilot, the FAA Class One will expire at the end of the 6th month for USA operations, 6 months from the DATE of examination for ICAO operations. Specific countries may have different expirations and can be found in their Aeronautical Information Publication, AIP. Annex 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph, 14CFR 61.23

How do you determine which countries/regions/airspaces allow the use of Strategic Lateral Offset Procedure, SLOP?

The Aeronautical Information Publication, AIP for a particular country will detail how procedures are applied inside that country’s  airspace. ICAO Document #4444, Chapter 15, Para 15.2.4 indicates that SLOP can be applied to enroute Oceanic and remote continental operations.

What is the bottom-line for international procedures, ICAO or the country you are flying in?

The country that you are inside the boundaries of has complete sovereignty in the airspace above it’s territory. ICAO provides a set of standard and recommended practices that this country may choose to accept as a whole or only specific parts. 14CFR 91.703, ICAO Article 1.           

I got a TCAS/ACAS Resolution Advisory on my last trip in the USA. Do I have any reporting requirements?

The NTSB has issued a final rule that adds six reporting requirements to NTSB 830.5 (a). The reporting requirements became effective March 8, 2010. These new additions specifically address aircraft with turbine engines and glass cockpits, and also include air carriers and fixed and rotary-wing aircraft. One of these elements speaks directly to TCAS/ACAS Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS) resolution advisories issued when an aircraft is being operated on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan and compliance with the advisory is necessary to avert a substantial risk of collision between two or more aircraft, NTSB Regional Offices http://www.ntsb.gov/Abt_NTSB/regions/AVIATION.HTM

What special training or checkride do you need to fly international as a Part 91 operator?

None, provided that you do not enter any of the Special Area of Operations like Class II NAV or NAT HLA. As a GA operator you are only required to be knowledgeable. FAA Order 8900.1 Vol. 4, Chap. 1, Sec.2, Para 4-24